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International News

Kenya pledges to invest in maritime security amid challenges

Kenya pledges to invest in maritime security amid challenges

MOMBASA, Kenya, Sept. 23 (Xinhua) -- Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta said Thursday the government will invest in maritime security to ensure the safety of the industry. Kenyatta made the pledge...

Athletics-Marathon world record holder Keitany announces retirement

Athletics-Marathon world record holder Keitany announces retirement

Mary Keitany, the world record holder in a women marathon, speaks during an interview with Reuters as she takes part in the 2019 Athletes Annual Conference in Eldoret, Kenya. December...

Rights Groups Condemn Rwandan Court Conviction of Paul Rusesabagina

Rights Groups Condemn Rwandan Court Conviction of Paul Rusesabagina

Paul Rusesabagina, portrayed as a hero in a Hollywood movie about Rwanda's 1994 genocide, is escorted in handcuffs from the courtroom in Kigali, Rwanda, Sept. 25, 2020. Photo Reuters NAIROBI...

Kenya is Sri Lanka’s good friend Kananathan tells the Foreign Minister of Kenya

Kenya is Sri Lanka’s good friend Kananathan tells the Foreign Minister of Kenya

NAIROBI, Kenya, September 21, 2021/APO Group/ -- High Commissioner of Sri Lanka to Kenya Velupillai Kananathan called on the Kenyan Foreign Minister Ambassador Raychelle Omamo in Nairobi, on 15 September,...

Rwanda court finds ‘Hotel Rwanda’ hero guilty in ‘terrorism’ case

Rwanda court finds ‘Hotel Rwanda’ hero guilty in ‘terrorism’ case

Government critic Rusesabagina was portrayed as a hero for saving lives in a Hollywood film on the 1994 genocide. A Rwandan court has found Paul Rusesabagina – a one-time hotel...

Al Masry face Uganda Revenue Authority in CAF Confederation Cup

Al Masry face Uganda Revenue Authority in CAF Confederation Cup

Photo via KingFut Al Masry discovered their round of 32 opponents in the CAF Confederation Cup as Uganda Revenue Authority defeated Ethiopian Coffee Addis Abeba. Al Masry are no strangers...

Editor's Choice

Vitumbua - East African rice, cakes and other foods

Vitumbua - East African rice, cakes and other foods

By FREDDY MACHA Man cannot live by bread alone, is an expression that does not suit today's feature. Yes, we do need, bread. Fill our bellies before even picking up...

Kenyans in the US, UK Among Voters from 11 Countries Set to Participate in 2022 Polls – Chebukati

Kenyans in the US, UK Among Voters from 11 Countries Set to Participate in 2022 Polls – Chebukati

Wafula Chebukati, the Chairman of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC), has revealed the Commission’s plans to have more Kenyans in the diaspora participate in the 2022 General Election....

RUVUMA JV IN TANZANIA AWARDS SEISMIC CONTRACT

RUVUMA JV IN TANZANIA AWARDS SEISMIC CONTRACT

London-listed Aminex on September 24 said that the Ruvuma joint venture in Tanzania has awarded the seismic acquisition contract to Africa Geophysical Services (AGS). The company said that the joint...

Burundian journalist briefly held while investigating blasts - official

Burundian journalist briefly held while investigating blasts - official

NAIROBI, Sept 24 (Reuters) - Burundi police on Friday briefly detained a journalist investigating a grenade attack in the commercial capital Bujumbura, his radio station and an official said, after...

Rwanda's President Kagame in Mozambique for State visit

Rwanda's President Kagame in Mozambique for State visit

Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame arrived in Mozambique Friday for a two-day state. According to a statement from the Office of the President in Rwanda, on his first day President Kagame...

Bobi Wine Blocked from Travelling to US

Bobi Wine Blocked from Travelling to US

National Unity Platform – NUP President Robert Kyagulanyi Ssentamu better known as Bobi Wine has been blocked from travelling to the United States of America, The Tower Post reports. Kyagulanyi...

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Technology

24
Jan2021
Microsoft admits it "messed up" and cancels planned Xbox Live Gold price hike

Microsoft admits it...

This combination of file photos created on November 5, 2020 shows the PlayStation logo (top) on display on the final day of the E3 Electronic Entertainment Expo in Los Angeles, California on June 13, 2013; and the Xbox...

03
Feb2021
Tech CEOs including Google's Sundar, Salesforce's Marc Benioff, Microsoft's Satya Nadella congratulate outgoing Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos and his successor, Andy Jassy

Tech CEOs including...

Jeff Bezos. MANDEL NGAN/AFP via Getty Images Jeff Bezos will step down as Amazon CEO in Q3 2021, the company announced on January 3. CEOs are taking to Twitter to send their congratulations to both Bezos and his success...

08
Feb2021
Kenyan Woman’s Startup Recycles Plastic Waste into Bricks That Are 5x Stronger Than Concrete

Kenyan Woman’s Start...

Photo UNEP/YouTube An absolutely brilliant young woman in Kenya has started a company manufacturing bricks from recycled plastic. Nzambi Matee says she was “tired of being on the sidelines” while civil servants struggled...

22
Feb2021
Nigeria’s ‘Techpreneurs’ Are Using Technology To Provide Life-Changing Solutions To Everyday Problems

Nigeria’s ‘Techprene...

As recently as 10 years ago, Africa’s technology industry was sparse. But as a result of advancements in mobile phone technology as well as better internet connections, the continent has transformed — unearthing countles...

Travel

24
Jan2021
New findings of early man at tourist site Olduvai Gorge

New findings of early man...

An international team of archaeologists and paleoanthropologists has discovered a large collection of two million years old stone tools, fossilized bones, and plant materials at the Olduvai Gorge in northern Tanzania. N...

29
Jan2021
UK travel ban extended to United Arab Emirates, Burundi and Rwanda

UK travel ban extended to...

File photo: Tourists have still flocked to Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Picture PA The UK's travel ban has been extended to include United Arab Emirates, Burundi and Rwanda, with British nationals returning from those co...

04
Mar2021
South Sudan suspends airline after plane crash

South Sudan suspends airl...

Photo Anadolu Agency South Sudan's president on Wednesday suspended the operation of South Supreme Airlines, the company owning the plane that crashed in the Pieri Town on Tuesday evening, an official statement said. “As...

05
Mar2021
Kenya's SGR night train unites families as it gains popularity with travelers

Kenya's SGR night train u...

NAIROBI, March 4 (Xinhua) -- For the last two months, a government worker George Agutu, who works in Mombasa, Kenya's coastal city, has traveled to the capital Nairobi every weekend to be with his family. However, befor...

Health

13
Sep2021
Uganda faces 'epidemic' of teenage pregnancies during pandemic

Uganda faces 'epidemic' of tee...

Photo via Anadolu Agency Government officials and experts have shown concern at the rising cases of teenage pregnancies in the landlocked East African country of Uganda during the COVID-related r...

11
Sep2021
RIB arrests two doctors of Baho International Hospital over death of patient

RIB arrests two doctors of Bah...

The Rwanda Investigation Bureau (RIB) has arrested two doctors of Baho International Hospital as part of ongoing investigations into the death of a female patient on Thursday, September 9. “RIB...

09
Sep2021
Babylon looks to expand health services to Rwandans without cellphones

Babylon looks to expand health...

Photo courtesy Babylon Digital health chatbot Babylon is expanding its work in Rwanda, aiming to make it easier for folks who don’t have a cell phone number to access its health services. The com...

06
Sep2021
Rwandan President Paul Kagame slams vaccine inequity

Rwandan President Paul Kagame...

Rwanda President Paul Kagame says local manufacturing of vaccines could help build African countries' resilience to future outbreaks. Photo CFP Rwandan President Paul Kagame has slammed vaccine i...

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Kenya become the first African country to roll out PrEP as a national program, in the public sector, in May, 2017. Photo via The Star
 

Sixty-five Kenyans have contracted HIV while consistently taking the preventive drugs called Prep, the Ministry of Health has said.

If taken as prescribed, the pre-exposure prophylaxis drugs provide 100 per cent protection against HIV, so it is difficult to prove why the infections happened. 

Nam-Aidsmap, a UK-based charity, in its analysis of the findings said some could have acquired HIV during a period of poor adherence or drug supply interruption. 

Kenya rolled out Prep as a national programme in the public sector in May 2017, becoming the first African country to do so. 

The last count done in Kenya in 2019 showed that 25,000 people were using Prep.

Medical experts say that there is no consistent data on how many people are using Prep, as a significant number takes it only to have risky and unprotected sex and then drop out. 

The 65 cases happened between 2017 and 2021, but there could be more people who have become infected and were not documented.

The findings were presented online last week at the 11th International Aids Society Conference on HIV Science.

The authors said most of the people who turned positive had drug resistance mutations to the Prep drugs Emtricitabine and Tenofovir.

The researchers were unsure if the resistance came as a result of taking Prep or it may in some cases have already been there in the HIV that people acquired.

This drug resistance in the people who became positive was higher than seen in the general population.

“The high frequency of HIV drug resistance in HIV-infected individuals on PrEP exceeds background levels,” the researchers say in the study, also conducted in Zimbabwe, Eswatini and South Africa.

Some 79 Prep users in South Africa also turned positive within the same period, 36 in Zimbabwe and 28 in Eswatini.

All the infections came from among an estimated 104,000 people taking Prep in the four countries since 2017.

Researchers from the Kenya Medical Research Institute and the Ministry of Health's National Aids and STIs Control Programme were involved in the study.

Principal researcher Dr Urvi Parikh of Pittsburgh University said 35 per cent acquired HIV in the first three months on Prep, 40 per cent from three months to a year on it, and 18 per cent in people who had taken it for more than a year.

“But it does suggest that HIV infection on Prep is proving to be rare,” Nam-Aidsmap, a UK-based charity said in an analysis of the study.

The Prep users who turned positive were also tested for Prep drug levels in their blood, but this showed high drug levels, indicating good adherence.

“So some could have acquired HIV during a period of poor adherence or drug supply interruption, but when diagnosed had good adherence,” the Aidsmap analysis says.

The participants who provided a blood sample for analysis had a median age of 24 years, from a range of 16 to 67 years and 74 per cent were female.

Key populations included HIV serodiscordant couples (21 per cent), female sex workers (10 per cent), men who have sex with men (nine per cent), and transgender individuals (six per cent).

Prep failure is extremely rare if taken along with other prevention tools.

With hundreds of thousands of individuals using PrEP worldwide, only six cases have so far documented HIV infection among those with high adherence. - John Muchangi, The Star

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Latest News

24
Jan2021

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